The Creation and Addition of the Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights
Even though many Federalists and Anti-Federalists agreed a Bill of Rights was needed, the addition of a Bill of Rights was controversial. Alexander Hamilton was against a Bill of Rights, as he said in The Federalist No. 84,

"I go further, and affirm that bills of rights, in the sense and in the extent in which they are contended for, are not only unnecessary in the proposed constitution, but would even be dangerous. They would contain various exceptions to powers which are not granted; and on this very account, would afford a colorable pretext to claim more than were granted."
Ratification Outside a Massachusetts Courthouse
After much debate between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, the idea of a Bill of Rights being added to the Constitution became prominent. Proposed by James Madison, the first ten amendments gave rights to the individuals such as freedom of speech, religion, the right to bear arms, etc. The Bill of Rights secures the rights of the individuals, and with the addition of a Bill of Rights, many states agreed to ratify the Constitution.
James Madison,writer of The Bill of Rights
On June 8, 1789, James Madison proposed the Bill of Rights in order to set rights of what the government can and cannot do in regards to the personal liberties of the American people. Madison says in regards to people that were against the Bill of Rights, 

"I believe that the great mass of the people who opposed [the Constitution], disliked it because it did not contain effectual provision against encroachments on particular rights, and those safeguards which they have been long accustomed to have interposed between them and the magistrate who exercised the sovereign power: nor ought we to consider them safe, while a great number of our fellow citizens think these securities necessary."
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