Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

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An Aurgument for Ratification
The creation of the Constitution created a myriad of debates all based around a single issue: ratification. These debates led to the creation of two political parties: The Anti-Federalists and Federalists.

The Anti-Federalists
The Anti-Federalists were against the ratification of the Constitution. They argued that The Constitution:
  • Gave too much power to the Federal Government.
  • Did not have a bill of rights, which was needed to protect the people from tyranny.
  • Gave the executive branch had too much power.
  • Gave the Congress too much power in the "necessary and proper clause" that established the the authority of Congress over states.
Out of these complaints, the fact that there was no Bill of Rights was the most important issue to many Anti-Federalists.

The Federalists
The Federalists supported the Constitution. In response to the Anti-Federalists, they argued that:
  • The three-branch system of government separated powers evenly, so no branch could take control of the other.
  • The Constitution was a way to save the people from the tyranny of an all powerful state government. 
  • A specific listing of rights, such as in a Bill of Rights was dangerous, for it allowed rights not specifically                                           mentioned in the bill to be ignored. 
Federalists simply believed that the rights of the people were implied in the Constitution, and any specific listing of those rights would do more harm than good.

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